To leave a message, use the form below.
Friends, please know I am not available to answer queries regarding school projects or papers on deadlines, since I too am on my own writing deadline.
For publishing queries (about my work and its uses in all languages and territories, including translations), interviews, invitations, or to arrange an author appearance, please contact my agent Susan Bergholz at firstname.lastname@example.org
San Antonio, TX
September 7, 2017
Warmest Greetings Señora Cisneros,
When my mother had occasion to pen me a letter she would always open with a prayer of well wishing for my health and happiness. I hope this note finds you well and in peace and in harmony.
I've lived in San Antonio for about ten years now and it has been a torrid affair. I did not like this city, it was hard for me. Slowly the city and I have gotten acquainted and from there an understanding and love and friendship has grown.
Currently I'm a sophomore in the BFA program at the Southwest School of Art. It is a new program, I'm to be part of the third class that graduates, the first class is currently working on their senior projects. It is an interesting and exciting time for us. My concentration is in printmaking, ceramics, and photography. The work I do focuses on dream archetypes, the unconscious and the bridge to the external.
Currently the mythology of my family, particularly the stories passed on by my grandmother have been manifesting throughout all sorts of mediums. Eventhough my focus is on visual art, my first form of expression was writing.
Part of our curriculum at SSA is a class in professionalism, and we have been asked to reach out to an artist we've never spoken to but always wanted to encounter. I've written poetry since I can remember, its always been a release valve. Reading was also an escape I jealously guarded. Books have been devoured. The first book I read which you wrote was Caramelo. That story has stayed with me a long time. Thank you for sharing it. I connect writing with bravery and vulnerability. Caramelo was exactly that for me.
I saw you speak a few years ago at the SB1070 protest, thank you for using your voice in these matters! I draw on that moment from time to time, to remind myself, when I forget I have a voice, and change can be had. When I'm not in the studio or class, I do volunteer work for Voices de La Luna. We have poetry therapy sessions for homeless women going through drug rehab at Haven for Hope. It is small way to help, but it helps, and we are a strengthened by expressing and sharing our stories with one another. It is a magic thing to witness that moment when they realize they have power to change, and they can tap into it.
Thank you for your time and reading this note. Thank you for Caramelo. Thank you for your stories. Thank you for your activism. Thank you for your voice.
What a lovely testimony. Thank you, Sol, for the work YOU do.
August 31, 2017
I am currently in my first year of college. I've been spending time in their little multicultural room and have found The House on Mango Street. Thank you for writing this. I have been rereading the introduction because I relate to it so much.
In my English class we are writing a short narrative. I have decided to write it with your style. Can I email you my narrative? And receive feedback?
I’m flattered you’re inspired to write in my style. Adelante. You can send me your narrative, but I cannot give feedback, I’m afraid, as I have my own writing that needs my attention.
August 30, 2017
Just read "Only daughter." I pick a moment to read something, think of something, write something to cry with every now and then. Today was the day for tears.
Ay, Edward. It’s good to cry, ¿verdad? It makes us more compassionate.
Thanks for writing.
August 21, 2017
I have read a few of your books (The House on Mango Street and Caramelo, as well as parts of Woman Hollering Creek) and I have loved each one of them. I am a TEACHER of Spanish and Hispanic Culture. We are currently highlighting your book The House on Mango Street. Thank you for your writings. Thank you for sharing so honestly and clearly about your experiences. They provide a great value in our teaching of culture, understanding, and unity. One day I hope to meet you in person. Until then, muchas bendiciones.
Dear Daisy Piatt,
Thank you for high praise and for taking my stories out there to those who need to hear them. I was once a teacher myself, so I am deeply grateful for the work you do. I don’t know when I will be in your area next, but I too hope we may meet in person some day. Watch my calendar. You never know!
National City, CA
August 14, 2017
You have inspired me to read some of your books i cant wait to read "The House on Mango Street."
Thank you, Kristal, for taking the time to say so! Always what a writer wants to hear.
August 9, 2017
I work with TRiO Student Support Services and have had the pleasure to meet Sandra Cisneros at the University of Arizona in 2013. TRiO-SSS serves 1st generation, low-income, and students with disabilities in successfully completing an associates degree to transfer. This semester we will be focusing on Successful Latina's who represent our student demographic. We would be esteemed and honored to have Sandra Cisneros (La Chingona) to share her passion, love for the cultura, and magic with our students.
I will be reading in Phoenix early December. Details to be posted on my website soon.
Casa Grande, AZ
August 7, 2017
I really admire your work and it would be a pleasure to see you at my school (cguhsd) i love your life story it has really inspired me and it would be the highlight of the year if i could see you this year i love your work and i look forward to seeing you this year....hopefully.
Watch my upcoming calendar. I will be reading in Phoenix early December.
August 4, 2017
I teach History at Pasco High School, in Pasco, Washington. Over the years, I have been collecting pictures and messages from successful people, which I hang in my classroom. With each picture, I include a short biography. My aim is to give my students (many of whom have few positive role models) examples of successful people.
If it is possible, I would love to add a picture of Sandra Cisneros to our "Wall of Fame". Many of my students are familiar with her work. An autograph would personalize the picture and make it more meaningful for my students. Often, those who have sent me pictures for display have penned a short note about the importance of getting an education. I'm sure Sandra is very busy, but if she could write a sentence or two, it would be greatly appreciated.
On behalf of my wonderful students, thanks for considering this request.
Believe it or not, I don’t have a stack of photos to send to fans. And to make matters worse, I live in Mexico. But if you have a picture of me from the internet or wherever, mail it to me in a self-addressed envelope to my agent Susan Bergholz, 17 W 10th Street #5, New York, NY 10011, and I will promise to sign and return it when next I visit the States.
August 2, 2017
Hi, Ms. Cisneros! I'm a big fan of your novel: The House on Mango Street. I wish to know more! I was wondering if you could answer a few questions from your biggest fan! Thank you!
1. In your novel, the "scenes" in each chapter are pieces of your life and how you became the brilliant lady you are today. If you could only pick three chapters, which ones would you say are the most valuable to you?
2. Sally was an interesting character in the book. What was her personality and motivations like?
3. What message do you hope is portrayed clearly to all your readers when they finish your story?
Once again, thank you!
It sounds like you are asking me to do your homework. I think you know the answers better than I do. And it doesn’t matter what I think. I want to hear what you feel you’ve gotten from the book, what message did you take with you?
July 27, 2017
Thank you for the gift of your words and prose. You are my FIRST ever book on tape back when it was really tape and I have never stopped referring any lover of words and stories and poetry and family and love to that story CARAMELO!
Caramelo is my personal favorite. Gracias for the shout out!
July 22, 2017
I spent the other day reading your book and joined by daughter and best friend at your lecture in the Hall of Philosophy....but oh my this evenings performances "Mango Suite" brought me to tears! Tears of joy! This is my 49th year in Chautauqua and it shall be one nestled at the center of my memories! Thank you for sharing your work.
Yes, you weren’t the only one with tears. I was pretty soggy-eyed myself. Thank you for sharing your story. Until I read your letter, I thought I was the only one.
July 19, 2017
I was born in the U.S. also, but "came back home" to México. Love hearing you talk about Día de Muertos and about our unique (I wanted to write crazy) familiy ways. Thank you y saludos.
Gracias for ánimo. Saludos to you too.
July 19, 2017
I would like to start by thanking you for giving Chicanas a home in the literary world, but even more so for inspiring young girls all over the globe. I begged my parents to buy me a copy of The House on Mango Street my senior year of high school. Your work has inspired me so much since! I decided to double major in Chicanx Studies and English with an emphasis in ethnic literature. Someday when I'm a High School English teacher, I hope to teach my students with some of your work.
Mucho amor y admiración desde California.
Let me know when you are that English teacher. You make me proud.
July 12, 2017
I enjoyed A House of My Own very much and was especially taken with your discussions of how different languages have different nuances. I was reminded of a time when I, a teacher, broke down in the office of assistant principal Dave Franzen. His mother was Mexican. His father was Scandanavian. And he comforted me in Spanish.
What a beautiful story. Thank you for making my day!
July 12, 2017
What advice can you give a young writer working on her first novel?
Join a writer’s group that is at your level. You write alone, but need help editing. And you’ll need the support of a literary family.
Create a schedule where you can be uninterrupted for a minimum of three hours, preferably six, for writing. Preferably alone.
Don’t talk on the days you write, or if you must, take a nap before writing. Or meditate.
After your manuscript is done, edited by others, and has been given the go-ahead, find an agent.
A novel may take many years. Be prepared for this. Read the lives of other writers. I find biographies of other women writers gives me hope.
June 27, 2017
A short message which I hope you will receive: Sandra I have loved your writing for years. I am reading The House on Mango Street for perhaps the fortieth time. You are able to pack so many flowery descriptive images into such short and to-the-point phraseology, I don't know how you do it. Obviously, you were born to write. I believe you and Annie Proulx are the very best authors currently working, and I love re-reading your work. God bless you!
It’s called hard work. I was born with a talent, but talent isn’t enough. One has to develop talents and work them over and over before they can have a resonance. Thanks for your support.
San Antonio, TX
June 25, 2017
I have been reading your work for as long as I can remember and as a current undergrad at Abilene Christian University, I am still reading and learning from you. Your work has caused me to think critically of the world around me, reminisce on my personal experiences, and cry oceans and oceans. I couldn't tell you how thankful I am for you and your work. You are changing lives.
The inspiration and knowledge I have gained from your writing and life story has influenced me to dedicate my first summer of research as a McNair Scholar to you and your literary work, primarily The House on Mango Street. I am exploring a few different questions that will not have a definite answer rather, I plan to allow the questions to resonate in the minds of those who refuse to recognize the severity of the questions I am posing. The questions, which are revised quite often, are as follows:
1. Why is the identity of Chicana women, in the work of Sandra Cisneros (you), defined by the forced silenced they endeavor from childhood through adulthood?
2. How do Chicana women perceive themselves socially as well as in the home, in the work of Cisneros (you again)/through personal experience/etc.
3. (Not necessarily a question, but) Focus on the overall suppression of Chicana women through my personal experiences and poetry in addition to some of your written works.
I mentioned that all of this research and writing will solely be going toward my summer of research, but as I continue to research and discuss my topic with my mentor(s), the more and more this seems like a potential topic I would like to pursue for thesis/dissertation work. This excites me, so very much! I mention this because I believe that your writing deserves to be discussed even more than it already is in academia. My voice means nothing in academia, but I want to get the the message I have gained from your writing out to those who haven't even been exposed to any of your writing or fail to see the depth that all of your fans and critics can see, clear as day.
San Antonio is also my home and I am so blessed to have been born and raised in such a beautiful city, rich with culture and love. I want to spread this culture and the love, but also the darker, negative components that deserve to be addressed. I would love to maybe ask you a few questions if you have the chance. I know you are very busy and you probably receive requests like this all the time but, it doesn't hurt to ask, I suppose. Thank you and I really hope to hear back from you. You are the light of the future and I will do my best to illuminate the darkness that is ignorance.
Abilene Christian University, ’18
High School Teaching English Language Arts
(I am adding this to say that I just saw the disclaimer saying that school projects and things like that aren't answered through your website and that is okay with me. This note can now, solely, show that you have influenced me to research your text and Chicana studies in general, as well as write about my findings. Thank you so much.)
Gracias a ti y a la vida. How wonderful a letter. I’m so lucky to get this.
Silver Spring, MD
June 18, 2017
Any chance you can direct me to an interview or article where Sandra speaks on "Barbie-Q"?
Check online. I’m sure I’ve done them before, but cannot recall.
Lucero Miranda Reid
El Paso, TX
June 14, 2017
Your work is a great contribution to our society. I always recommend your books to our students.
Lucero, thank YOU for your contribution. Teachers rate high in my opinion, especially now!
June 13, 2017
I found your profile online while searching for information to complete my cultural inclusion training, and I wanted to commend you for your talents and intelligence. Wonderful works!
Thank you, Saundra! Always lovely to hear good thoughts.
June 5, 2017
I read several of your short stories. The story about two girls talking over their toy dolls was fantastic. Your work is in a Literature Book I bought several years ago. I do write myself, and also poetry. I just wanted to say hello and enjoy reading your works.
How cool is it to get a letter from a male reader. Thanks for writing and for kind words.
May 31, 2017
I read one of your short stories for a high school assignment and was thrown off by the use of Spanish in English writing. Raised by a Mexican mother who believes in never mixing the languages, I found myself loving your writing. Taking my English teacher's recommendation, I wrote a report The House on Mango Street for my senior year "thesis" in 2010. Since then, I have not met a single reader to whom I haven't recommended your books. Your writing is true art; true inspiration to me. Currently listening to Caramelo and loving it!! Thank you for sharing your work with the world!!
Thanks. I am especially proud of CARAMELO, my personal favorite. So happy to hear from you.
Las Vegas, NV
May 30, 2017
I have a question regarding to The House on Mango Street, is it a true story? Or is it just made to look like it.
Take a look at the two introductions I wrote for HOUSE in my most recent book A HOUSE OF MY OWN, or in the current edition of the book. It’s all there for you!
Lake Mary, Florida
May 30, 2017
Dear Ms. Cisneros,
My name is Dylan Emerick-Brown and I teach English at Deltona High School in Deltona, Florida. It has a large Hispanic population and I've taught some of your work, which the students devour. I am also the faculty adviser for the school's student-run literary magazine, Howl (DeltonaHowl.com). I am reaching out to you because it would mean the world to my students if they could send you just a few questions for their literary magazine as a brief interview. Would this be possible? Thank you so much for your time. We greatly appreciate it.
May 29, 2017
My name is Carola Bensimon and I was one of the teachers who attended your talk at Centro Cultural Nicaraguense in Managua, Nicaragua.
After my students listened to you, I assigned them to write an essay about their insights. Many of them are really inspiring. I was wondering if you would like to read them. I don't think I have enough space here. I don't want to invade your privacy asking your email, but if you are interested, maybe I can send a couple of these short essays to you.
One of them wrote that after listening to you, she knows she has a future and would like to fight for it.
We were honored to have met you, and I can assure you that these kids will never forget the experience.
Thank you Sandra!!!
Carola Bensimon (English Teacher at Lincoln International Academy)
I would love to see their essays. Meeting your students was a great highlight of my trip. How respectful and charming they all were. They made me feel like a rock star.
Please send your letter to me care of my agent: Susan Bergholz Literary Services, 17 W. 10th St, NY NY 10011, or you may scan and send to email@example.com Will that work? I think your students are great.
Thank YOU, Carola, and thank your students.
May 29, 2017
Hello my name is Maricela and I am currently a Junior in High School and I am doing a Poet Research Paper and I chose to write about you since your work interests me more. I just wanted to do something new and try to contact you and ask you what advice do you have for upcoming poets? And I was also wondering What motivated you to write about your life?
I probably am answering this too late for your project, but I have been on the road. My advice for poets is the same as for any other vocation:
1. Earn your own money. To do this, go to school.
2. Control your fertility so you can realize your dreams. You can have kids later when you finish school; when you are better able to support them.
3. It’s okay to be alone. This is time for you to develop yourself.
As to what motivated to write about my life? I write about my life and the lives of those who impress me in some way, emotionally usually. My subjects pick me.
May 29, 2017
I have avoided books of short stories, preferring novels, which I thought The House on Mango Street was. When I got it on my Nook, I decided to give it a try. I loved it. Each story made me feel like I was there living with the characters, experiencing their lives. You are a talented writer. Thank you for opening up to me the world of the short story.
Glad you changed your mind about short stories. There are so many great short-story writers out there. Thanks for writing.
May 25, 2017
So grateful to have found your writings when I was an undergraduate in college. I finally found a voice like my own, in "The House on Mango Street". As time went on, my esoteric interests took a back seat to raise a family and establish a career. Now that my son is older, I found myself going back to my love of reading. I was so happy to see your new book, "A House of My Own." Little did I know that I would again find my voice in your writings, as I grieve the loss of my best friend. By sharing your experiences, your writtings have provided comfort and solace at this difficult time in my life. (No one told me this would happen!) You are a writer for the masses. Thank you for sharing your passions, joy, sorrow, and spirit.
Con mucho cariño,
Gracias, Lisette, for all your kind words!
San Marcos, Carazo
May 22, 2017
It has been a great honor for me to know a little bit more about you and your books and I want to tell you that i will never forget how amazing you are. You are awesome. Thanks for the book you gave me, i am really grateful and i wish you success in your whole life.
PD: Please excuse my english.
You’re welcome. And your English is just fine! Thanks for writing.
May 22, 2017
I ordered "Have you seen Marie" a couple of weeks ago through Amazon hoping to receive and share it with my wife, Kris, and her orphan girlfriends who had lost their mothers. The book arrived at our home in Leland, North Carolina, while we were vacationing in Puerto Rico. The day before we were to return home - a lady named Karen had been house/dog sitting for us - our toy poodle Jack died unexpectedly. Karen tried to save Jack, taking him to the emergency vet clinic, but they could not save him. Your book was in our mailbox upon our return. Thanks for sharing and comforting. Kris' mom passed away in 2008, and she "inherited" Jack. He was a constant reminder and all Kris had left of Joan, her mother. Kris wants to spread the ashes of Jack, her mother Joan, and my dog Spud in the Atlantic ocean off Wrightsville Beach, NC. (Spud died the same year as Kris' mom.). Thank you and God for the fortuitous arrival of "Marie".
Gary Neil Gupton
First, I want to say how sorry I am for your losses. I lost my mother in 2007, but always think of her.
And, as an animal lover and dog rescuer, I understand how much you are grieving. I just had to put one of my own dogs down a few weeks ago.
My intention writing the Marie book was to aid others in times of mourning. Thank you for writing and confirming my book is doing its job. You have lifted my heart with your letter.
Bendiciones y luz,
P.S. Try writing something for the ceremony at sea. Anything written on behalf of those we love, with love, siempre sale bonito--it always turns out beautiful.
Los Angeles, CA
May 22, 2017
Thank you for your writing. You were the first author that truly inspired me in my early child development. I didn't have a lot of people who did that. I'm 24 now. Your words have kept me sane. You've probably kept a whole generation sane, really.
Well, I’m sure I would not be sane myself if I hadn’t been a writer. Writing is the best medicine.
Thanks for encouragement!
May 19, 2017
Dear Ms. Cisneros,
I am an 8th grade Language Arts Teacher at Goldenview Middle School in Anchorage, Alaska. My students read your book, The House on Mango Street and were inspired to write their own vignettes. We put them together and published a book of our own. We would be honored if we could send you a copy. I would be happy to ship you one if you would like. You may email me a forwarding address.
Hi, Ezra Gibson,
Send your book to me care of my agent, Susan Bergholz Literary Services, 17 W. 10th St. #5, New York, NY 10011. It will reach me. Thanks so much for doing so.
La Feria, TX
May 19, 2017
Hello, I am reading your book The House on Mango Street at my school. I enjoy it so far, but I have a question. In the chapter Born Bad, I feel that it's implied that Aunt Lupe dies the day Esperanza and her friends were making fun of her. That would be why they feel so apalled at their actions and try to repent by praying. Did Aunt Lupe die on this day, or later on?
You are correct in interpreting the story the way I meant it. It’s why the girls feel so guilty, as if they were responsible for her death. And then they are haunted by bad dreams. Good work!
May 19, 2017
I have such fond memories of your visit to our classrooms at ASIJ in Tokyo. I'm now at Colegio Roosevelt, the American School of Lima, Peru, and I'm excited to be finishing the year with "The House on Mango Street." It is truly one of those books that reveal truths with every revisit and re-read. This unit comes after a poetry unit in which my grade 9 students discovered so much that they had in them. Anyway, I can shed a little light on this unit by telling my students what a nice person you are. I especially remember you giving your earrings to one of my students on your last classroom session.
How lovely to hear from you. Yes, I did give my earrings away, didn’t I? But that’s very Mexican. We like to give things to others. It’s not just me.
I am so happy to hear you are sharing my stories in Peru now. Felicidades. I’m thrilled to hear my stories are working for you and your students.
All my best to you and your class and to your new adventures in Peru. And thanks for telling your class I am nice. Much appreciated.
Green Bay, WI
May 12, 2017
Hi! My name is Olivia and I am a student at a high school in Green Bay, Wisconsin. I just wanted to let you know that your work has inspired us! Our Spanish class is being assigned certain people/places/events involved in Spanish culture to make a presentation on for our final exam, and I was assigned you! I look forward to researching and learning more about your life and work, and was wondering if you could give any advice to students who have an interest in writing or, which aspect of Spanish culture inspires you most?
Thank you and best wishes,
This letter may arrive too late for your purposes. Advice for writing: 1. Earn your own money. 2. Control your fertility. 3. Learn to be alone.
As to which aspect of Spanish culture inspires me? I like flamenco music, tapas,, Concha Buika, and Almodovar movies. But you must know, I am not Spanish. I SPEAK Spanish. I am Mexican and from the U.S. (double citizenship), with some DNA from Spain in my lineage. However, I identify as a dual citizen of Mexico and the United States, as well as a citizen of the Americas, north and south.
May 12, 2017
My students just finished reading "The First Job," and now they're all asking if you've ever considered a film or television adaptation for The House on Mango Street. While the novel may not have a "front to back" story arc like most films, they suggested they'd be really excited to see it in short clips or a Netflix mini-series or something.
This is my favorite book that I teach all year. Thank you for all that you do.
Well, Telly, I am not averse to that idea at all, but the right producer, script, and funds must appear. All in good time, I believe. I have great faith it will come together to my satisfaction in my lifetime.
Mary Ellen McClure
May 10, 2017
Thank you for the interview with Karen Thomas in the Dallas Morning News. I am a senior citizen whom you have truly inspired to start writing again. Was unable to attend your discussion but will purchase your book.
Thank you, Mary Ellen McClure. My favorite writers wrote their best work after 50 years of age. Jean Rhyss, Merce Rodoreda, Diana Athill, Harriett Doerr, Elena Poniatowska, to name a few.
May 10, 2017
I saw you speak in Dallas this week and was so entertained by the author and the writer! I love how you own your stories as living, breathing stray lambs that need to be gathered. (Of course, from A House of My Own) What is special to me is, you being one of my favorite authors, has a common thread of another of my favorites, Gabriel Garcia Marquez. His book, Strange Pilgrims, born from a lost book of ideas that had "become a question of honor" to reconstruct. I love that!
Thank you for sharing your gifts!!
Gracias mil, Marta Alfaro! I am keeping illustrious company with Garcia Márquez!
May 9, 2017
I have memories of reading The House on Mango Street and Woman Hollering Creek when I was around nine years old, and out of all the books I've ever read (which as a literature and creative writing major is a lot), those two have stuck with me the most. Your writing has had such a deep impact on me as a woman, and evokes the same amount of raw emotion in me when I read it today as when I was a kid.
I happened to see Woman Hollering Creek in the library at my university a few months ago and ended up reading it in one sitting. I bought Loose Woman and wrote an essay on "You Bring Out the Mexican in Me," one of the most beautiful poems I've ever read. I'm a poet myself, and I find your writing endlessly inspiring and always fresh.
Thank you so much for your contribution to our earth.
Gracias, Francesca. I’m thrilled my writing resonates with you.
May 9, 2017
Last night I had the luxury of listening to you at the DMA in Dallas for the second time in my life; the first time was about ten years ago at the Irving, TX theater. I have been in love with "The house on Mango Street" for about twenty years; I taught it to my ESL students in California, I know teach it in my Pre-AP Spanish classes. Three days ago I started reading "A house of my own" and I admire you even more. I am a reader, I read about three to four books a month, mostly historical fiction and novels in English and in Spanish. However, I have never read a book that I can agree and relate to more. I love that your writing reads like a simple conversation with a friend and yet is full of messages, truth, some that hurt but needs to be told but also full of love. I love how you include family in almost all your writings, how you make fun of them and yet we can feel the love. I love when you say that the writings are not about you but they are and yet they are all about me.
Aww, thanks, Rebeca! Lovely to get this confirmation.
May 8, 2017
Sandra, gracias for a wonderful, inspiring, funny and amazing evening. The DMA event was awesome! I am hoping that you are able to publish the new poems you read tonight. I loved both!
Thanks, Elida! The two poems I read are “God Breaks the Heart Again and Again Until It Stays Open,” which appeared in a slightly different form in Huizache, a magazine from UT-Victoria. Look it up. The other is new, “El Hombre,” and will appear in the fall issue of Huizache. They will both be reprinted someday in my next volume of poetry.
Thanks for ánimo.
May 8, 2017
I read with interest your response to the middle school class from Alaska. The semantics in using specific terms for the Latino culture has always confused me, so your answer was helpful.
Fifty years ago, I lived in California for a very short time, and was introduced to the words, "chicano/chicana."
Watching the prejudice acted out in this new school, and coming from a different culture in New York, the terms seemed derogatory to me when used by the white kids. I was afraid to ask any Mexican-American students for clarification, for the groups kept themselves isolated from one another.
I am interested in your opinion as to whether my perceptions were correct or not. I am now sixty-two years old, and I'm still not sure of the answer!